The majority of people who report sexual assault will always be telling the truth. For example, in the UK
, only 2-4% of reported rapes are found to be untrue.
The truth about reporting rape and sexual assault that we do know is that it is enormously under-reported. For example, in Nicaragua
, it was found that just 8% of women reported sexual abuse in a face-to-face survey, the number jumped to 26% when questioned anonymously. So it is an incredibly irresponsible myth to perpetuate that misreporting is common, when throughout the world there are steep challenges and social consequences for those who report sexual abuse.
Also, it is very common for survivors to have difficulty remembering details of the assault - this in no way indicates that they are lying. Our brains face challenges recollecting traumatic events, and it is entirely normal for memories of such trauma to contain just a few details. This can be due to the survivor dissociating to cope with the memory, or the influence of substances like alcohol or drugs.
So, you do not have to prove you were violated by listing every detail, or be severely injured, to know what happened to you is true. It takes incredible courage for survivors to come forward and seek justice, exposing themselves to potential judgment, disbelief and other consequences.